Tuesday, 7 November 2017

”माझे घर आणि गृहकर्ज” - लेख क्र. (११)

ग्राहक पंचायत महाराष्ट्र
          ग्राहक मार्गदर्शन सेवा केंद्र, पुणे

      ग्राहक जागरण आणि प्रबोधन” अभियान
”माझे घर आणि गृहकर्ज” - लेख क्र. (११)
मोफा कायदा – कलम क्र. (१२)

आजवर आपण “मोफा” कायद्यातील कलम (१) ते (११) अशा  एकंदर अकरा (११) कलमातील तरतुदी आणि त्याच्याशी संबंधित काही न्यायालयीन निवाद्यांची धावती ओळख करून घेतली. आज आपण कलम क्र. १२ ची ओळख करून घेण्याचा प्रयत्न करणार आहोत. ह्या कलमानुसार सदनिका घेणाऱ्या ग्राहकाच्या सामान्य जबाबदाऱ्या काय आहेत ह्याविषयी चर्चा करण्यात आली आहे.  

ग्राहक मित्रांनो, प्रत्येकाचे जसे काही अधिकार असतात, तसेच काही उत्तरदायित्व देखिल असते. आम्ही आमच्या अधिकाराबाबत बऱ्याच प्रमाणात सजग असतो. पण हीच सजगता जेव्हा आमचे उत्तरदायित्वाचा प्रश्न उपस्थित होतो, त्यावेळी आम्ही लंगड्या सबबी सांगून त्यापासून पळ काढण्याचाच प्रयत्न करीत असतो. मोफा कायद्याच्या कलाम (१२) मध्ये  सदनिका घेणाऱ्यांच्या ह्याच उत्तरदायित्वाबद्दल उहापोह करण्यात आलेला आहे.

कलम (१२)  - (१) - “प्रत्येक व्यक्ति ज्याने घर विकत घेतांना करार केलेला आहे त्याने योग्य वेळी जागेची योग्य किंमत, तसेच महानगरपालिकेचे सर्व कर चुकवणे आणि पातीपत्ती, विजेचे शुल्क भरणे, तळमजल्याचे भाडे भरणे इ. सर्व शुल्क जे करारामध्ये उल्लेखित केले आहेत, त्याचा भरणा, आणि जर सहकारी संस्था किंवा कंपनी, जी घरे घेतल्यावर स्थापित करण्यात आली, तिच्या सोबत सहमत होणे हि सर्व जबाबदारी ग्राहकाची असते”.


(२) – “कोणतीही व्यक्ती ज्याने  घर घेतांना करार केला होता आणि कोणत्याही कारणाने किंवा कारणे सांगून टो  वरील उपविभाग (१) चे नियमांचे पालन करण्यास असमर्थ ठरला, तर त्याचा दोषी म्हणून निवाडा झाल्यावर त्यास रु.२,०००/- पर्यंतचा दण्ड भरावा लागेल.

SECTION – 12 – “GENERAL LIABILITIES OF FLAT-TAKER”

(1)     Every person who has executed an agreement to take flat shall pay at the proper time and place the price, his proportionate share of the Municipal taxes, water and electricity charges, ground rent (if any) and other public charges in accordance with his agreement with the promoter and where the co-operative society or company of persons taking the flats is to be constituted, co-operate in the formation of such society or company, as the case may be,

(2)     Any person who has executed an agreement to take a flat and who, within the reasonable excuse, fails to comply with or contravenes sub section (1) shall, on conviction, be punished with fine which may extent to two thousand rupees.

SECTION 12A : MANAGER NOT TO CUTOFF, WITHHOLD, CURTAIN OR REEDUCE ESSENTIAL SUPPY OR SERVICE.

(1)                         No person, who is a promoter, or who is in-charge of management or connected with the management of a block or building of flats, whether as member of a managing committee, director, secretary or otherwise, or is responsible for maintenance thereof (hereinafter in this section referred to as  “the manager”) shall, without just and sufficient cause, ;either by himself or through any person, cut off withhold, or in any manner curtain or reduce, any essential supply or service enjoyed by the person who has taken a flat (or by any person in occupation thereof through or under him) in respect of the flat taken or agreed to be taken by him.

(2)                        The person who has taken or agreed to take the flat or the occupier may, if the manager has contravened the provisions of sub-section (1), make an application to the Court for a direction to restore such supply or service.

(3)                        If the Court on enquiry finds that the applicant or the person through or under whom he is in occupation has been in enjoyment of the essential supply or service, and that it was cut off or withheld or curtained or reduced by the Manager without just and sufficient cause, the Court shall make an order directing the Manager to restore such supply or service before a date to be specified in the order.

(4)                         The Manager who fails to restore the supply or services before the date so specified, shall for each day during which the default continues thereafter, be liable upon a further direction by the Court to that effect, to fine which may extend to one hundred rupees.

(5)                         Notwithstanding anything contained in any law for the time being in force,

(a) in Greater Bombay, the Court of Small Causes, Bombay,

(b)            in any  area for which  a Court of Small Causes is established under the Provincial Small Cause Courts Act, 1887, such Court, and

(c)      elsewhere, the Court of the Civil Judge (Senior Division), shall have jurisdiction to decide any application made under sub-section (2), and no other Court shall have jurisdiction to entertain such application; but in Greater Bombay a bench  of two judges of the Court of Small Causes, Bombay, which shall not include the Judge who made such order, and elsewhere the District Court, may for the purpose of satisfying itself that the order made was according to the law, call for the case in which such order was made and the Bench or Court aforesaid or the District Judge or any Judge to which the case may be referred by the District Judge, shall pass such order with respect thereto as it or he thinks fit.   

(6)                         Any manager who contravenes the provisions of sub-section (1) shall, on conviction, be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three months, or fine, or with both.

(7)                        The offence under the sub-section (6)  shall be cognizable, and shall not be triable  by any Court inferior to that of a Metropolitan Magistrate, or a Judicial Magistrate of the First Class,

Explanation – I - In this section, essential supply or service includes the supply of water, electricity, lights in passages and on stair-cases, and lifts and conservancy or sanitary services.

Explanation – II - For the purpose of this section, withholding any supply or service shall include acts or omissions attributable to the manager on account of which the essential supply or service is cut off by the local authority or any other competent authority.


दि. ०८.११.२०१७                         अनिल जोशी
                                                                      केंद्रप्रमुख                                     

                                           ग्राहक मार्गदर्शन सेवा केन्द्र, पुणे

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